This project is a collaboration between Toyota's CSRC and Transportation Active Safety Institute - IUPUI
To help consumers compare automotive safety technologies across manufacturers when buying a new vehicle, NHTSA developed the New Car Assessment Program (NCAP). As new technologies are introduced to the market, the system is updated with new testing procedures so that the government and the American public can better evaluate them.
Pre-Collision Systems designed to help reduce auto vs. pedestrian collisions are projected to be added as a vehicle technology evaluated under the NCAP.
Toyota’s CSRC and TASI have teamed up to help define and develop these test procedures along with specifications for a surrogate pedestrian target that can be used in vehicle tests.
The study will examine crash data from NHTSA databases including FARS, CDS, NASS-GES and NMVCCS, and use the collected information to identify the most frequent pedestrian crash scenarios.
The study will also collect details on pedestrian behavior prior to incidents, such as whether they were walking on roads or sidewalks, or if they were wearing headphones. Since there is very little pedestrian pre-crash data in existing crash databases, researchers will utilize a vehicle equipped with video data recorder to capture near-miss data from actual driving experiences.
The study will also develop a surrogate pedestrian target for vehicle testing, using data from the most frequent accidents involving pedestrians and vehicles.
Test procedures and the specifications for the surrogate target will be analyzed for validation through tests using various vehicles makes in order to determine applicability across multiple vehicle manufacturers.
This project as scheduled continues for five years. Research begins with studies to identify macro- and micro-crash scenarios based on NHTSA data, as well as naturalistic driving data collection. As the project continues, it will include studies to develop pedestrian surrogate targets and vehicle validation testing.