This partnership will also study the relationship between age and abdominal injuries caused by automobile crashes in the United States, to determine if a specific population, such as senior drivers, is more vulnerable to abdominal injuries during these events. This project is based on research in Japan that has found a high rate of abdominal injuries for older drivers involved in vehicle crashes. This research could lead to improved safety restraints, which will prove increasingly important given predictions that the percentage of the U.S. population over the age of 65 will almost double by 2040.

Virginia Tech, George Washington University, and Toyota together will study NHTSA's upgraded THOR-NT frontal impact crash test dummy to contribute to the ongoing development of THOR and help academia and the industry utilize this advanced dummy.