One of the ways of helping to protect vehicle occupants in an accident is to design vehicles to retain the integrity of the occupant compartment. Since studies by the NASS have shown a sudden increase in the rate of severe injuries past a certain threshold of cabin intrusion, Toyota has developed advanced bodies for its vehicles in an effort to preserve the residual space for passengers in the event of an accident. These frames use highly efficient, impact-absorbing body structures and a high-strength cabin designed to help protect occupants during a crash and reduce the risk of injury from the collision.
Toyota’s collision safety performance complies with some of the most rigorous standards in the world, and has been developed based on the safety standards of many countries as well as accident data collected in Japan, Europe and the United States.
Toyota has long been one of the companies at the forefront of the safety development in the auto industry. For example, in 1995 Toyota became one of the first automakers to adopt safety standards for front offset collisions. In the years since, Toyota has consistently developed new and improved vehicle body structures and advanced restraint devices to enhance vehicle-to-vehicle compatibility, increase pedestrian protection, and help protect against whiplash injury across a wide range of accident types.
How does it work?
Toyota engineers vehicles specifically to reduce the impact on occupants in a collision and reduce cabin deformation. Crumple zones at the front and rear of the vehicle are designed to absorb an impact with high efficiency. Meanwhile, the cabin is built with a body structure that is strong and does not deform easily. Since there is little room for crumple zones in side-impact collisions, a high-strength body frame, including the center pillar and floor cross member, is designed to absorb the impact with decreased deformation.