“CARBON” is one of Toyota’s four focus areas in North America. Climate change is a significant challenge facing the global community. Our carbon strategy includes reducing CO2 emissions from new vehicles, eliminating CO2 emissions from manufacturing, and sharing our know-how with others. We are working at every stage of the vehicle life cycle to help the world build a low carbon future.
INTRODUCTION TO CARBON
Earth’s average temperature has risen over the past century. Continued emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) – including carbon dioxide – is expected to cause further warming and long-lasting changes in all components of the climate system, increasing the likelihood of severe, pervasive and irreversible impacts for people and ecosystems. The Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes climate risk can only be limited by substantial and sustained reductions in GHG emissions, together with adaptation measures.
According to the International Energy Agency, the transportation sector is responsible for approximately 23 percent of the world’s total carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel combustion. This is a problem that Toyota cannot address in isolation. Taking urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts by building resilience and improving awareness is a shared challenge that requires a shared response. By developing vehicles that emit less carbon dioxide and finding ways to use more sustainable energy, we are helping to build a more sustainable future for society, business and the planet.
CHALLENGES 1-3: REDUCING LIFE CYCLE CO2
Our CARBON focus area relates to Challenges 1, 2 and 3 of Toyota’s Environmental Challenge 2050, which call for reducing new vehicle CO2 emissions by 90 percent from 2010 levels, eliminating CO2 emissions from manufacturing of parts and materials used to produce Toyota vehicles, and eliminating CO2 emissions from our facilities and processes. These challenges recognize climate change as a global issue that must be addressed across the vehicle life cycle.
Toyota is ready to do our part to help build a low carbon future. Here in North America, we developed an approach to conquering these challenges that involves three actions:
- Reducing new vehicle CO2 emissions by improving the fuel efficiency of conventional gasoline vehicles, increasing hybrid technology penetration, developing advanced technology vehicles, and promoting low carbon fuels (Challenge 1). We continue to pioneer the path to greater engine efficiency and next-generation vehicles by providing a range of intelligently engineered products to meet our customers’ diverse needs. We also work with a variety of partners on how to make alternative fuels from renewable sources, such as hydrogen for fuel cell electric vehicles and electricity to power battery electric and plug-in vehicles.
- Sharing our know-how and engaging in outreach with stakeholders – especially suppliers who manufacture the parts and materials used to produce Toyota vehicles – to eliminate CO2 emissions from the vehicle life cycle (Challenge 2). We will work with all stakeholder groups to scale up progress and support efforts to generate more renewable energy than the total amount of energy we consume. Key to our engagement is close collaboration with communities, suppliers and dealerships toward building a low carbon society.
- Eliminating CO2 emissions from operations in ways that eventually will lead us to be net zero for carbon (Challenge 3). Getting to zero requires us to rethink the way we power our facilities, especially our manufacturing plants. We are implementing projects that reduce our energy consumption, investing in renewable energy and improving the GHG intensity of both owned and third-party logistics.
We are working on our 2021 environmental action plan targets, which direct us to foster accelerated adoption of all types of next-generation powertrains and vehicles, advance the development of low carbon vehicle fuels, implement a mobility project that reduces congestion, reduce CO2 emissions from North American operations, and improve the GHG emissions intensity of both owned and third-party logistics. Our progress is described in the next section.
06 / TMNA’s Approach to a Low Carbon Society
Our CARBON focus area relates to Challenges 1, 2 and 3 of Toyota’s Environmental Challenge 2050. This challenge recognizes climate change as a global issue that must be addressed across the vehicle life cycle. Toyota is ready to do our part to build a low carbon future. Here in North America, we developed an approach to conquering this challenge that involves three actions:
Between fiscal years 2017 and 2021, Toyota Motor North America (TMNA) will:
Foster accelerated adoption of next-generation vehicles by continuously supporting education and infrastructure deployment (on track)
We engage in a variety of activities to educate customers and the public about our advanced technology vehicles. For example, we host ride and drive events and participate in demonstration programs with universities and government agencies. In October 2016, Toyota and Lexus joined Calvert Investments in sponsoring the 26th annual Environmental Media Awards, which honored film and television productions that communicate environmental messages in creative and influential ways. To educate attendees about fuel cell electric vehicles, a hydrogen-powered Mirai graced the green carpet.
Hydrogen fueling stations take processed hydrogen, compress it and cool it to deliver it safely to a fuel cell vehicle (FCV). Hydrogen stations operate a lot like gasoline stations and it takes only about five minutes to refill the tank of Toyota’s Mirai.
The availability of hydrogen fueling infrastructure presents one of the biggest challenges with commercializing fuel cell vehicles like Mirai. The University of California Irvine estimates 68 stations are needed to support 10,000 fuel cell vehicles state-wide; 31 are currently operating. The state of California has earmarked $200 million for as many as 100 new hydrogen stations in the next several years. Shell, in partnership with Toyota, will be installing hydrogen refueling equipment into seven retail stations in California. Additionally, Toyota is helping fund infrastructure that supports a growing community of FCV drivers by committing millions of dollars to three hydrogen fuel providers:
- FirstElement Fuels, as part of a financial agreement with Toyota, is working to develop an integrated and reliable network of fueling stations across California in target market locations approved by Toyota and consistent with the California Fuel Cell Partnership Road Map. As of August 2017, FirstElement had completed construction of 17 stations.
- Industrial gas supplier Linde LLC is building a hydrogen fueling station on Toyota-owned property in San Ramon, California, adjacent to Toyota’s San Francisco Regional Office and Parts Distribution Center. This location will serve local and regional customers and will function as an important connector site between the Sacramento and San Joaquin Valleys and the San Francisco Bay Area.
- In the northeast United States, Toyota and Air Liquide are collaborating to develop and supply a fully integrated hydrogen fueling infrastructure to support the introduction of Mirai on the east coast in 2018. Air Liquide’s hydrogen fueling infrastructure in the northeast is expected to consist initially of 12 filling stations across New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island, with plans to extend the network as demand warrants.
In the first global initiative of its kind, the Hydrogen Council was launched in early 2017 to position hydrogen among the key solutions of the energy transition. The members of the Council are Air Liquide, Alstom, Anglo American, BMW GROUP, Daimler, ENGIE, Honda Hyundai, Kawasaki, Royal Dutch Shell, The Linde Group, Total and Toyota. The Council is led by two Co-Chairs from different geographies and sectors, currently represented by Air Liquide and Toyota.
"The Hydrogen Council will exhibit responsible leadership in showcasing hydrogen technology and its benefits to the world,” said Toyota Chairman Takeshi Uchiyamada. “It will seek collaboration, cooperation and understanding from governments, industry and, most importantly, the public. We know that in addition to transportation, hydrogen has the potential to support our transition to a low carbon society across multiple industries and the entire value chain. The Hydrogen Council aims to actively encourage this transition.”
Advance the development of low carbon vehicle fuels (on track)
Zero emission vehicles are only as good as the fuel they run on, whether that be electricity or hydrogen. TMNA is working on developing renewable hydrogen fuel for the new fuel cell truck being piloted at the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. For information on this project, see our Spotlight: Toyota Opens a Portal to the Future.
Implement a mobility project in North America that reduces congestion and GHGs (on track)
TMNA is researching, partnering and piloting many different types of mobility as it relates to moving from place A to place B. We recently began a pilot at our new North American headquarters campus to get team members out of their cars – more accurately, to reduce the number of cars to and around our campus with only a single occupant, or driver, during peak commute times. It’s an app-based, flexible system that allows team members to commute together using hybrid Toyota vehicles located in easily accessible locations in neighborhoods and near heavy commute corridors. If the pilot proves successful, it will be a triple win: We will help to relieve the growing congestion challenges near our new campus, reduce our corporate greenhouse gas emissions from employee commuting, and prove out the business model for ride sharing for commuting.
Reduce absolute GHG emissions (Scopes 1 and 2) from North American operations 15 percent, from a baseline of fiscal year 2016 (on track)
Scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions increased between fiscal years 2016 and 2017, mainly due to a production increase. We recently finished developing a GHG reduction plan for our sites that includes GHG and energy efficiency projects as well as renewable energy projects. Once these projects come online, we expect to see significant decreases in total emissions. See Eliminating CO2 From Operations for more on our activities to reduce energy use and GHG emissions. See also Figure P12 for more information on our North American GHG inventory, including a description of the different Scopes.
07 / GHG Emissions from Toyota’s North American Operations
Reduce GHG emissions intensity from all logistics (owned and third-party) by 5 percent, from a baseline of fiscal year 2016 (on track)
For fiscal year 2017, we report GHG intensity from owned U.S. vehicle logistics, which improved GHG intensity by more than 2 percent from the previous year. We expect to report performance from all logistics operations next year. We are establishing a data collection process aligned with the reorganization and consolidation of functions at our new headquarters campus in Plano, Texas. For more information on activities to reduce GHG emissions from our own logistics, click here. See also Third-Party Logistics for information on how we work with third-party carriers.
08 / GHG Intensity from U.S. Vehicle logistics (owned)
REDUCING NEW VEHICLE CO2 EMISSIONS
The combustion of gasoline while driving results in CO2 emissions. Challenge 1 of Toyota’s Environmental Challenge 2050 calls on all Toyota regions globally to reduce CO2 emissions from new vehicles by 90 percent by 2050, from a 2010 baseline.
To accomplish this challenge, Toyota is pursuing multiple pathways to reduce vehicle fuel consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in our global markets. We try to match technologies to best meet customer needs in each specific region. We evaluate vehicle powertrains, weight, aerodynamics and other design factors to boost vehicle efficiency while preserving the vehicle size, power, driving range and affordability that our customers demand — without sacrificing world-class vehicle safety features and performance.
There are several factors that must be weighed when considering the appropriate match. That’s why we research driving trends, sociological behaviors, the changing energy and transportation landscape, and the evolution of cities. This research helps us understand which technology works in which circumstance so that we can build the vehicles that best suit the needs of the market.
While the continued evolution of vehicle technology is critical to achieving zero emissions, vehicles and fuels must be evaluated as a system. That’s why our vehicle portfolio approach also considers the diversity of alternative transportation fuels currently available as well as those on the horizon.
For additional information related to vehicle CO2 emissions in other sections of this report, please see the following:
- For our approach to electrification, see our feature story.
- For information related to our target to foster accelerated adoption of next-generations vehicles, see here.
- For information related to our target to advance the development of low carbon vehicle fuels, see here.
- For information on Project Portal, the heavy-duty fuel cell truck being piloted at the Los Angeles ports, see here.
- For information related to our fuel economy and vehicle GHG performance as well as recent fuel economy awards, see the Performance section (Vehicle CO2 Emissions and Fuel Economy Awards).
Advancing Conventional Technology
The all-new 2018 Camry and Camry Hybrid exemplify key elements of our technology strategy for reducing vehicle CO2 emissions and improving fuel economy. The new 2.5-liter four-cylinder Dynamic Force engine in the 2018 Camry embodies design features that produce higher engine output while achieving a world-class peak thermal efficiency rating of 40 percent. The 2.5-liter engine is then matched to a new Direct Shift eight-speed automatic transmission. Additionally, the vehicle utilizes more lightweight materials than the previous generation Camry, including high strength steel and aluminum. This results in an EPA-estimated combined fuel economy rating of 34 miles per gallon (mpg), marking a 20 percent improvement over the previous generation Camry while still improving performance by 10 percent. Adding Toyota’s fourth-generation hybrid technology increases EPA’s estimated fuel economy rating to 52 mpg, making the 2018 Camry Hybrid one of the most fuel-efficient midsize cars available.
The 2018 Camry and Camry Hybrid are based on TNGA (Toyota New Global Architecture), enabling many of their groundbreaking technologies to be more easily shared with future vehicles and helping Toyota realize our commitment to “making ever-better cars.” The TNGA integrated development supports the concept of total optimization for a lightweight, streamlined, high-performance platform and powertrain unit. TNGA helps us meet consumer’s needs while continuing to improve vehicle efficiency.
The 2018 Camry Hybrid is one of the most fuel-efficient midsize cars available, with a combined EPA-estimated fuel economy rating of 52 mpg.
Hybrid Technology is Our Core
Hybrid technology is the foundation of Toyota’s approach to minimizing the environmental impacts of gasoline-powered vehicles. Knowledge gained from hybrid development and deployment is helping Toyota accelerate the introduction of future powertrains that can utilize a wide variety of energy sources and fuels, including hydrogen and electricity.
In February 2017, the cumulative figure for global sales of Toyota hybrid vehicles (including plug-in hybrids) reached 10 million. The Toyota Prius hybrid is a marquee vehicle that established mainstream adoption of hybrid technology. By achieving global mass-market appeal, Toyota hybrids have created a significant positive impact in gasoline consumption and emissions generated by driving. Toyota calculates that as of January 31, 2017, the use of Toyota hybrid vehicles worldwide in lieu of conventional vehicles of similar size and driving performance has resulted in approximately 77 million fewer tons of CO2 emissions, believed to be a cause of global warming.2 Toyota also estimates that its hybrid vehicles have saved approximately 7.7 billion gallons of gasoline compared to the amount used by gasoline-powered vehicles in the same class.
Toyota and Lexus currently have 12 conventional hybrid models, one plug-in hybrid model and one fuel cell electric hybrid model on the market in North America (not including the Lexus CT 200h, which is not offered as a 2018 model). Cumulative Toyota and Lexus hybrid sales in North America are over 3.1 million vehicles (as of July 2017).
With the introduction of the model year 2017 Prius Prime, we have shown our continued commitment to expanding the capabilities of Toyota’s traditional hybrid fleet for the future. Prius Prime allows consumers the flexibility of both a battery electric vehicle and the reliability of the Prius Hybrid. Toyota will continue to develop and build on this flexibility as we strive for our vehicles to readily adapt to future consumer needs.
2 Number of registered vehicles × estimated distance traveled × fuel efficiency rating × CO2 conversion factor
09 / Toyota's Hybrid Electric Fleet
Toyota and Lexus have 14 hybrid electric vehicles on the roads in North America. Hybrid electric means they all use batteries plus one other fuel source, either hydrogen (fuel cell electric hybrid) or gasoline (plug-in electric hybrid or gasoline-electric hybrid). The current fleet of Toyota and Lexus hybrid electric vehicles includes:
|Model||Type of Hybrid Electric Vehicle|
|Toyota Mirai||Fuel Cell Electric|
|Toyota Prius Prime||Plug-in Gasoline-Electric|
|Toyota Prius c||Gasoline-Electric|
|Toyota Prius v||Gasoline-Electric|
|Toyota Avalon Hybrid||Gasoline-Electric|
|Toyota Camry Hybrid||Gasoline-Electric|
|Toyota Highlander Hybrid||Gasoline-Electric|
|Toyota RAV4 Hybrid||Gasoline-Electric|
|Lexus ES 300h||Gasoline-Electric|
|Lexus GS 450h||Gasoline-Electric|
|Lexus LC 500h||Gasoline-Electric|
|Lexus NX 300h||Gasoline-Electric|
|Lexus RX 450h||Gasoline-Electric|
All 14 Toyota and Lexus hybrid electric vehicles were available during 2017. All but the Lexus LC 500h were offered as 2017 model year vehicles; the LC 500h is a 2018 model year vehicle. The Lexus CT 200h is not being offered as a 2018 model and, therefore, is not included in the table above.
The Toyota Research Institute (TRI) is collaborating with research entities, universities and companies on materials science research, investing approximately $35 million over the next four years in research that uses artificial intelligence to help accelerate the design and discovery of advanced materials. Initially, the program will aim to help revolutionize materials science and identify new advanced battery materials and fuel cell catalysts that can power future zero emissions and carbon-neutral vehicles. These efforts will help lay the groundwork for the future of clean energy and bring us even closer to achieving Toyota’s vision of reducing global average new vehicle CO2 emissions by 90 percent by 2050.
ELIMINATING CO2 FROM OPERATIONS
We mainly use four types of energy – electricity and natural gas to power our sites, and diesel and gasoline in our logistics operations. CO2 emissions are generated where the energy is produced – for example, at a power plant – but we are responsible for how much we use. Challenge 3 of Toyota’s Environmental Challenge 2050 calls on us to eliminate all CO2 emissions from the use of energy at our facilities and in logistics. To put us on this path, we established targets to reduce GHG emissions from our operations by 15 percent and improve GHG emissions intensity in logistics by 5 percent, both by the end of fiscal year 2021. Our strategy for achieving these targets focuses on three activities: reducing our use of electricity and natural gas, investing in renewable energy, and making our logistics operations more fuel-efficient.
- For performance data related to our 15 percent GHG reduction target, see here.
- For performance data related to our GHG emissions per vehicle produced, see Figure P10.
- For performance data related to our 5 percent GHG intensity target for logistics, see here.
- For GHG emissions data, including Scopes 1, 2 and 3, see Figure P12.
Electricity and Natural Gas
During fiscal year 2017, we used about 3.85 million megawatt-hours of electricity and natural gas in our North American operations. To reduce electricity consumption, we began installing LED fixtures in a number of our assembly and engine plants. For this sizable lighting retrofit project, we selected LED high bay fixtures that deliver an unprecedented 214 lumens per watt, which helps to significantly reduce the amount of electricity required to light certain areas of our facilities. Additionally, the LED lights don’t contain any mercury, making them easier to recycle than fluorescent lamps.
We installed high bay LED fixtures over the past year at four plants, and we are working on retrofits at another four plants. When we complete this project by the end of fiscal year 2018, we expect the eight plants to be saving an estimated 29 million kilowatt-hours per year and avoiding an estimated 17,000 metric tons of CO2 per year from this retrofit project alone.
Toyota’s plant in Long Beach, California, installed LEDs in all high bays and has already seen electricity use decrease by 20 percent. Toyota’s engine plant in Huntsville, Alabama, went one step further and was the first of our plants to install a control system along with the new LED fixtures. Team members can control the lighting and use capacity as low as 10 percent. Using only what they need has resulted in huge savings: With 1,300 fixtures re-lamped, the Alabama plant is saving 1.2 million kilowatt-hours per year.
Major projects like this lighting retrofit will go a long way toward helping us meet our target to reduce GHG emissions and the Challenge 2050 goal of eliminating CO2 emissions from operations. But we can’t get all the way to zero unless we’ve educated every team member about our plans and what they can do to help. At our assembly plant in Indiana, team members are encouraged to pay close attention to the compressed air systems, and, if they hear a leak, to point it out so it gets fixed. This simple action helps raise awareness of the benefits of saving energy and reinforces everyone’s role in achieving Challenge 2050.
The Indiana plant used Earth Day as another educational opportunity and handed out more than 5,000 LED lights as part of rolling out Challenge 2050 information to team members. So, in addition to Toyota making the switch to LEDs at our facilities, we are helping team members do this at home, too. If all 5,000 LED bulbs replace an incandescent bulb, using those LEDs for only three hours a day would avoid 500,000 pounds of CO2 emissions. That gets us closer to a net positive impact on the planet.
Supplier Engagement for information about what we learned from a visit to the SunPower Corp. factory that manufactured the panels used on our rooftops in Plano.
Renewable energy comes from naturally occurring sources that are not depleted as a result of consumption. Sunlight, wind, biomass and geothermal are common examples. Renewable energy can replace conventional fuels used for electricity generation and transportation.
We are expanding the use of renewable energy as a means of reducing our carbon footprint and our reliance on non-renewable energy sources. Our assembly plant in Baja California, Mexico, has 107 kilowatts of renewable energy installed. In fiscal year 2017, two solar array systems were added, including a 50-kilowatt system ground-mounted in an open field to the north of the plant. The plant now has four solar array systems that generate 372,300 kilowatt-hours of renewable electricity – about 1 percent of the plant’s annual demand – and avoid 242 metric tons of CO2 annually.
In July 2017, we celebrated the grand opening of Toyota’s new North American headquarters campus in Plano, Texas, which has an 8.79-megawatt solar system designed and installed by SunPower Corp. The system is the largest on-site corporate solar installation among non-utility companies in the state of Texas. In total, the system is expected to provide about one-third of the daily electric needs for the headquarters campus and reduce annual carbon dioxide emissions by 7,198 metric tons, or the equivalent of the electricity used by almost 1,200 average U.S. homes for a year.
A flexible energy contract is in place to preserve and resell excess power generation back to the grid, and all additional grid energy is being offset by Texas wind farm renewable energy credits. A number of other features, such as LED lights and high efficiency building shells, help cut down on the amount of energy used on campus. Rooftops on select buildings are specially designed, teeming with plant life to manage rainwater, reduce heat and further insulate the buildings. The state-of-the-art campus in Plano was awarded Platinum LEED® certification in September 2017.
“We are dedicated to making sure our new headquarters campus supports – even redefines – Toyota’s commitment to the environment,” said Kevin Butt, general manager and regional director of Environmental Sustainability at TMNA. “The Plano solar system will not only reduce our environmental footprint and educate team members about renewable energy, it will also move us closer to Toyota’s 2050 global environmental challenge to eliminate carbon emissions in all operations.”
At the new supplier center in York, Michigan, a solar installation generates more than 218,000 kilowatt-hours per year, which is 22 percent of the site’s total annual electricity use. We have plans to add solar to additional locations in the coming years.
Supplier Engagement for information about what we learned from a visit to the SunPower Corp. factory that manufactured the panels used on our rooftops in Plano.
According to the International Transport Forum and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), trade-related freight transport emissions will increase by almost a factor of four between 2010 and 2050. Experts project that by 2050, global freight transport emissions will surpass those from passenger vehicles.
To address GHG emissions from Toyota’s extensive logistics operation, TMNA has a target to improve GHG emissions intensity from all owned and third-party logistics by 5 percent from a baseline of FY2016. See the Suppliers section to see how we are working with third-party logistics carriers to help them reduce their emissions.
Toyota Transport (truck carrier) and Toyota Logistics Services (shipper) continue to be members in U.S. EPA’s SmartWay® Transport Partnership, a market-driven partnership aimed at helping businesses move goods in the cleanest, most efficient way possible. One of the main purposes of SmartWay is to improve fuel efficiency and reduce GHG emissions from the movement of goods.
Since joining SmartWay in 2009, Toyota Transport, our in-house trucking carrier for completed vehicles, has improved the GHG efficiency of its deliveries by 13 percent (per ton-kilometer). To further reduce GHG emissions, Toyota Transport began piloting a truck fueled by compressed natural gas (CNG) in the fall of 2015 for short hauls from the Port of Long Beach in California. The CNG truck plus trailer is expected to emit 85 percent less overall particulate matter and 10 percent less carbon dioxide than its diesel-powered counterpart.
Toyota Transport expects to begin replacing the current truck fleet in the spring of 2018. New trucks will be equipped with more fuel-efficient engines and will incorporate tire pressure monitoring systems that will help drivers keep tires inflated to their optimum air pressure, which also helps fuel efficiency.
In April 2017, TMNA revealed “Project Portal,” a hydrogen fuel cell system designed for heavy-duty truck use at the Los Angeles ports, which handle nearly 40 percent of all imports to the U.S. The Project Portal zero emission truck proof of concept will take part in a feasibility study examining the potential of fuel cell technology in heavy-duty applications.
The study, which began during the summer of 2017, contributes to the ports’ Clean Air Action Plan, which has dramatically reduced harmful emissions from operations at the Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles since 2005.
“As they did with the Prius and the Mirai, Toyota is taking a leap into the future of technology. By bringing this heavy-duty, zero emission hydrogen fuel cell proof of concept truck to the ports, Toyota has planted a flag that we hope many others will follow,” said Mary D. Nichols, chair of the California Air Resources Board (CARB). “CARB will be following the progress of this feasibility study with interest, as we look to develop the best mix of regulations and incentives to rapidly expand the market for the cleanest, most efficient big trucks to meet the need for dramatic change in the freight sector.”
Project Portal is the next step in Toyota’s effort to broaden the application of zero emission fuel cell technology that can serve a range of industries. It is a fully functioning heavy-duty truck with the power and torque capacity to conduct port drayage operations while emitting nothing but water vapor. Heavy-duty vehicles make up a significant percentage of the annual emissions output at the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, and the Portal feasibility study may provide a vital means of reducing emissions.
“Toyota is helping pioneer the path toward true zero emissions freight transport,” said TMNA Advanced Business Strategist Ash Corson. “By leveraging our technological strength in sustainable mobility, Toyota is able to demonstrate the viability, versatility and scalability of our hydrogen fuel cell powertrain to heavy-duty applications such as port drayage. With Project Portal, we’re proving that fuel cell electric trucks—with their range, weight, performance, refueling-time, cargo-capacity and infrastructure-throughput advantages over battery-electrics—have the potential to be the optimal solution for electrifying global goods movement and providing a critical zero emissions solution for our communities.”
The Project Portal platform is designed to provide the target performance required to support port drayage operations, generating more than 670 horsepower and 1,325 pound-feet of torque from two Mirai fuel cell stacks and a 12-kWh battery, a relatively small battery to support class 8 load operations. The concept’s gross combined weight capacity is 80,000 pounds, and its estimated driving range is more than 200 miles per fill under normal drayage operation.
“The Port of Los Angeles is excited to collaborate with Toyota to explore the feasibility of fuel cell technology for port drayage operations,” said Tony Gioiello, deputy executive director of Port Development for the Port of Los Angeles. “Our port and industry stakeholders have demonstrated their leadership in reducing pollution from port-related operations, and we see the potential of Toyota's zero emission heavy-duty truck technology as another solution to meet the long-term goals of the San Pedro Bay Ports Clean Air Action Plan.”
Project Portal is just one part of Toyota’s ongoing commitment to fuel cell technology and the potential of a hydrogen society. It follows on the company’s continued work to expand California’s hydrogen refueling infrastructure, including the recently announced partnership with Shell to increase the number of hydrogen refueling stations in the state.
“Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles play a role in California’s efforts to achieve greenhouse gas emission reduction goals, improve air quality and reduce our reliance on fossil fuels,” said Janea A. Scott, commissioner of the California Energy Commission. “That’s why the California Energy Commission is investing in the refueling infrastructure needed to support adoption of these vehicles. The Commission applauds Toyota for putting this cutting-edge technology to use in a heavy-duty freight proof of concept. This demo will show how fuel cells can help support the heavy-duty sector’s efforts to increase efficiency, transition to zero emission technologies and increase competitiveness.”
Project Portal is the next step in Toyota’s effort to broaden the application of zero emission fuel cell technology that can serve a range of industries. It is a fully functioning heavy-duty truck with the power and torque capacity to conduct port drayage operations while emitting nothing but water vapor.
We know that reducing our own carbon footprint isn’t enough. Achieving a low carbon future requires collaboration with a wide range of stakeholders. That’s why we support community efforts to help scale up efforts to develop and use more sustainable forms of energy. For example:
- We foster adoption of next-generation vehicles through education initiatives and by working with various partners to develop hydrogen fueling infrastructure for fuel cell vehicles.
- We used recovered hybrid vehicle batteries in an innovative distributed energy system that provides the Lamar Buffalo Ranch field campus in Yellowstone National Park with reliable, sustainable, zero emission power. We are currently evaluating the fourth rendition of our control system that would allow us to implement battery storage at additional sites.
- We supported the third annual ECS Toyota Young Investigator Fellowship, which provides $50,000 each to three young professors and scholars pursuing innovative electrochemical research in green energy technology.
We also work with suppliers and dealerships on projects that reduce their carbon footprints. We are engaging with logistics suppliers to reduce GHG emissions from transporting parts and vehicles, and we have supported 58 dealerships across North America with achieving LEED® certification. LEED®, or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, is a point-based system promoting a whole-building approach to sustainable construction and remodeling. LEED® certification is based on meeting stringent evaluations in sustainable site development water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor air quality.