The Future of Fuel Cells
Toyota's efforts to bring fuel-cell vehicles to our roads have been underway for many years:
- In 1996, Toyota unveiled a fuel-cell vehicle equipped with a hydrogen-absorbing alloy for storage of pure hydrogen.
- In 1997, Toyota developed the world's first fuel-cell vehicle with an on-board methanol reformer.
- And in 1999, Toyota and General Motors reached an agreement to cooperate in the research and development of environmentally advanced vehicles with special focus on fuel-cell, hybrid and electric automobiles.
Today, Toyota's efforts have resulted in the developmental Toyota Fuel-Cell Hybrid Vehicle (FCHV). Certified as a zero emission vehicle, FCHVs are being tested daily at the University of California in Davis and Irvine:
- Since 2001, a fleet of 25 vehicles has accumulated over 100,000 real-world driving miles. With a range of up to 180 miles per gallon at top speed of 96 miles per hour and nearly 30 miles on battery power alone, this fuel-cell Toyota is providing the kind of performance necessary for real-world driving conditions in today's real-world environment.
The latest generation of FCHV was introduced in 2005. The vehicle features many design improvements over the previous generation, making it more reliable, durable and easier to maintain. Toyota improved FCHV efficiency, extending its range to over 200 miles on a fill-up of hydrogen.
Most recently, we tested the FCHV in cold temperature conditions, a critical milestone for the progression of the fuel cell program. Fuel cell technology offers great promise and plays a key role in our strategy toward sustainable transportation.
Please refer to the
for more information on fuel cell technology.