Welcome to the Performance section of Toyota’s North American Environmental Report. Here we provide our ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION PLAN results as well as data related to our environmental performance in the following areas:

2021 Environmental Action Plan

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Air Quality

Criteria Pollutant Tailpipe Emissions

Hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon monoxide — all byproducts of fuel combustion — are linked to various air quality issues such as smog formation as well as various health effects. Limiting criteria pollutant tailpipe emissions from our vehicles helps to reduce some of the environmental impacts of driving.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the state of California have certification programs to categorize vehicles in terms of their level of tailpipe emissions (the Canadian program is aligned with the U.S. federal program). EPA's certification program is changing from Tier 2 and began phasing in Tier 3 in 2017.

While the EPA Tier 3 and California Low Emission Vehicle III (LEV III) regulations have different nomenclature for categorizing vehicle emissions, the bins include the same vehicle emission groupings. For the 2017 model year, EPA Tier 3 and California LEV III regulations required an auto manufacturer's fleet average to meet an emission standard for non-methane organic gas with nitrogen oxides (NMOG + NOx) of 0.086 g/mi for passenger cars and light-duty trucks up to 3,750 pounds, and 0.101 for other light-duty trucks. The standard decreases until 2025, when the NMOG + NOx average for both sets of vehicles will become 0.030 g/mi.

The EPA Tier 3 vehicle standards were intended to be harmonized with California's Low Emission Vehicle program and create a federal vehicle emissions program that allows automakers to sell the same vehicles in all 50 states. The vehicle standards are being implemented over the same timeframe as the greenhouse gas/fuel efficiency standards for light-duty vehicles (promulgated by EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in 2012) as part of a comprehensive approach toward regulating emissions from motor vehicles.

Environment and Climate Change Canada has issued Tier 3 regulations aligned with the final U.S. Tier 3 rule.

Toyota’s goal is to maintain flexibility to build vehicles based on customer preferences. In setting tailpipe emission regulations, we believe standards should be performance-based and consider the interaction with other vehicle rules — such as fuel economy/greenhouse gas standards — to ensure the total package of requirements is effective and acceptable to the consumer. Fuels must be considered with vehicle technologies as a holistic system. Reduced sulfur levels in gasoline, required by the federal Tier 3 and California LEV III programs, are enabling the after-treatment systems being designed for compliance.

Toyota annually complies with the state of California, U.S. and Canadian federal vehicle emissions programs, and we have met the requirements for each model year.

The American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) "Greenest Vehicles of 2018" list contains the Toyota Prius Eco.10 The list is notable in that it considers a variety of criteria when determining the greenest cars, including the car's emissions, emissions from the electric grid on which it charges, and energy necessary to build and dispose of the car.

10 The Prius Eco is an available trim level within the Prius model line. This trim option offers customers even better fuel efficiency thanks to lighter weight and further optimized aerodynamics.

Volatile Organic Compounds

P01 / VOC Emissions

Fiscal Year(FY) runs April to March

Scope: Toyota's North American Manufacturing Plants

ABOUT THIS CHART: The primary concern with non-greenhouse gas air emissions is smog. Smog is formed as particulate matter, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) react with sunlight. Smog has been linked to several health issues and is particularly prevalent in dense urban areas with heavy traffic, industrial activity and sunny, warm climates.

Painting operations generate most of Toyota’s VOC emissions. Toyota's North American manufacturing plants measure grams of VOCs emitted per square meter of vehicle surface area coated (g/m2). There was a slight increase in VOC emissions from fiscal year 2017 to 2018, due to some production shifting from better performing plants and truck deck painting at our assembly plant in Mexico, where truck production increased from the previous year. Since 2002, we have reduced total VOC emissions by 65 percent, from 35.0 to 12.2 g/m2.


P02 / Endangered, Threatened or Protected Species on or Near Toyota Sites

Toyota Site Endangered, Threatened, or Protected Species Law/Regulation Activities
All TMNA sites in North America Monarch butterfly The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service is legally bound to determine whether to protect monarchs under the Endangered Species Act. A decision will be made by December 2020. See BIODIVERSITY/Biodiversity Targets
Manufacturing plant in Baja California, Tecate (Mexico)
  • Ceanothus verrucosus (a medicinal shrub)
  • Crotalus ruber (a native rattlesnake)
  • Linx rufus (bobcat)
  • Lepus californicus (black‐tailed jackrabbit)
  • Ferocactus gracilis (fire barrel cactus)
Protected by Mexico’s Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) under NOM‐059‐SEMARNAT‐ 2010 These species are found on 143 acres of the site’s property that are protected as a wildlife preserve.
Manufacturing plants in Cambridge and Woodstock, Ontario (Canada) Tree Swallow Protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act Installed 71 bird boxes at Toyota's assembly plants in Cambridge and Woodstock, Ontario.
Engine plant in Huntsville, Alabama Alabama cave shrimp Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act Cave shrimp are found in an area of the site that is not disturbed by site operations or activities.
New joint venture with Mazda in Huntsville, Alabama Spring pigmy sunfish Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act Mazda Toyota Manufacturing U.S. is engaging with various stakeholders to develop and execute on a conservation strategy that works to preserve the spring pygmy sunfish and its habitat
Assembly and unit plant in Georgetown, Kentucky Short's Goldenrod, Running Buffalo Clover, Indiana Bat Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act Planted Short's Goldenrod along a one-mile nature trail onsite
Vehicle logistics site at the Port of Portland, Oregon Coho Salmon Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act Salmon Safe certified; site maintains a bioswale and storm water pollution prevention program; team members participate in annual cleanup of the Willamette River

ABOUT THIS CHART: As sites apply for certification with the Wildlife Habitat Council, they work with a WHC biologist to take an inventory of species on site. This inventory includes any species listed by federal law as endangered or threatened. In addition to the 12 sites with WHC-certified programs, we have begun to inventory other manufacturing and logistics sites. As we gather this information, it will be used to inform our biodiversity strategy and project selection.

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P03 / Toyota Sites in or Near a Protected Area, Critical Habitat or Biodiversity Hotspot

Site Name Location Type of Operation Protected Area, Critical Habitat and/or Biodiversity Hotspot
TMMBC Baja California, Tecate, Mexico Manufacturing Hotspot: California Floristic Province; Protected area: Wildlife Preserve
TMMC Cambridge and Woodstock, Ontario, Canada Manufacturing Protected Area: Vansittart Woods wetlands
TABC Long Beach, California Manufacturing Hotspot: California Floristic Province
Gardena Technical Center Gardena, California R&D Hotspot: California Floristic Province
LA Parts Distribution Center Los Angeles, California Parts logistics Hotspot: California Floristic Province
TLS Long Beach Port of Long Beach, California Vehicle logistics Hotspot: California Floristic Province
San Ramon Regional Office and Parts Distribution Center San Ramon, California Parts logistics Hotspot: California Floristic Province
North American Parts Center California Ontario, California Parts logistics Hotspot: California Floristic Province
TLS Portland Port of Portland, Oregon Vehicle logistics Critical Habitat for Soho Salmon
TAPG Phoenix, Arizona Proving ground Critical Habitat for Yellow-billed Cuckoo

ABOUT THIS CHART: TMNA has begun an analysis to determine whether sites are in a protected area, critical habitat or biodiversity hotspot (see below for definitions of these terms). We started with our largest facilities, those that have Conservation Certification from the Wildlife Habitat Council, and those undergoing major renovations. In the table above, we only include the sites located in these areas. We will be analyzing additional sites going forward and the information will be used to inform our biodiversity strategy and project selection.

A Protected Area is defined as a geographic area that is designated, regulated or managed to achieve specific conservation objectives. (GRI Standards Glossary 2016)

Critical Habitat is a term defined and used in the U.S. Endangered Species Act. It is a specific geographic area(s) that contains features essential for the conservation of a threatened or endangered species and that may require special management and protection. Critical habitat may include an area that is not currently occupied by the species but that will be needed for its recovery.

A Biodiversity Hotspot is defined as an area that meets two criteria:

  • It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable.
  • It must have 30 percent or less of its original natural vegetation. In other words, it must be threatened.

Around the world, 36 areas qualify as biodiversity hotspots. They represent just 2.3 percent of Earth’s land surface, but they support more than half of the world’s endemic plant species and nearly 43 percent of endemic bird, mammal, reptile and amphibian species.

Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) maintains a list of hotspots by region. CEPF is a joint initiative of l'Agence Française de Développement, Conservation International, the European Union, the Global Environment Facility, the Government of Japan, the MacArthur Foundation and the World Bank.

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P04 / Wildlife Habitat Council Conservation Certifications

Toyota Site Name Year the Site's Program was Originally Certified Certification level
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Alabama 2014 Gold
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky 2008 Gold
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Mississippi 2014 Gold
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, West Virginia 2016 Gold
Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada, Woodstock 2012 Gold
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Indiana 2013 Silver
Toyota Arizona Proving Grounds 2017 Silver
Toyota Technical Center, York Township, Michigan 2017 Silver
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Texas 2015 Certified
Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada, Cambridge 2017 Certified
Bodine Aluminum, Jackson, Tennessee 2015 Certified
Bodine Aluminum,Troy, Missouri 2016 Certified

* Toyota’s Cambridge and Woodstock plants were first certified as a single program in 2012. The programs have since separated, and Cambridge obtained its own certification in 2017.

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Vehicle CO2 Emissions

Our efforts to improve fuel economy and reduce GHGs have become more aggressive with the adoption in the United States of new fuel economy and GHG emissions standards for passenger cars and light trucks through the 2025 model year. The new vehicle fleet was required to meet a GHG standard of 250 grams of CO2 per mile by 2016, equivalent to a Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standard of 35.5 miles per gallon (mpg); by 2025, cars and light trucks are required to yield a combined 54.5 mpg. While overall compliance is based on a fleet average, each vehicle has a fuel economy/GHG target based on its footprint.

One significant challenge to meeting these standards is having technology options available in vehicles that consumers are willing to purchase in sufficient quantities needed for compliance with the standards. Low fuel prices have added to this challenge. In 2012, when the standards were set through the 2025 model year, it was impossible to predict market outcomes so far into the future, since preferences are largely determined by factors such as fuel price and economic conditions, which are beyond an auto manufacturer’s control. As such, the regulations call for a feasibility evaluation of the 2022-2025 standards, which is now underway. Toyota is collaborating with the relevant government agencies to ensure the regulations are aligned with technology and market realities while achieving the program’s environmental goals.

The Canadian federal government introduced a GHG emissions regulation under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act for the 2011-2016 model years, and in October of 2014 issued final GHG regulations for the 2017-2025 model years.

In Mexico, the government has modeled vehicle GHG standards after U.S. requirements. The standards require automakers to meet a single sales-weighted fleet average over the period 2014 through 2016, and allow credits generated in 2012 and 2013 to be used toward compliance. These standards have been appropriately tailored to the unique driving conditions and product mix associated with the Mexican market and contain similar compliance flexibilities and lead time as those offered in the United States.

Many of our hybrid products are already capable of meeting their respective future targets for fuel economy and GHG standards in all three countries. But there is still a sense of urgency as states like California seek to accelerate the number of zero-emission vehicles on the road to meet its ZEV requirements.

Toyota achieved the required U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards and met the required vehicle GHG standards in the United States, Canada and Mexico. See Figures P6-8 below for Toyota fleet performance in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.

P05 / Toyota Fleet CO2 and GHG Data from Cafe and GHG Reports

Lower CO2 per mile is better

ABOUT THIS CHART: The performance of the U.S. vehicle fleet is being shown in two ways. The darker blue line shows Toyota’s fleet-wide fuel economy (CAFE) presented in terms of grams of CO2 per mile. This measure of performance, shown in previous Toyota North American Environmental Reports, only reflects GHG emissions reductions measured at the tailpipe during the official government test procedure.

The shorter, lighter blue line depicts a broader view of GHG performance that entails provisions in the U.S. EPA GHG program (starting with the 2012 model year). The annual GHG compliance values account for real-world GHG benefits from off-cycle technologies, such as air conditioning and aerodynamic improvements not observed over the official testing conditions.

Showing both values provides a transparent way of looking at Toyota’s historical fleet performance as we continue to pursue both GHG reductions and fuel economy improvements under both the GHG and CAFE programs.

P06 / Annual CO2 per Mile*, Toyota Canada Fleet

Lower CO2 per mile is better
*Based on CO2 emissions data reported to Environment and Climate Change Canada

ABOUT THIS CHART: The Canadian federal government introduced a GHG emissions regulation under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act for the 2011‐2016 model years, and in October of 2014 issued final GHG emissions regulations for the 2017‐2025 model years. Toyota met the regulatory obligations regarding vehicle CO2 emissions in Canada for the 2017 model year.

Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) named five Toyota/Lexus vehicles as best-in-class for fuel efficiency for the 2018 model year. Best-in-class vehicles have the lowest combined fuel consumption rating, based on 55 percent city and 45 percent highway driving. For each class, the most fuel-efficient conventional vehicle and the most efficient advanced technology vehicle (where applicable) are recognized. Five Toyota and Lexus vehicles were awarded by NRCan for the lowest estimated annual fuel use in their respective classes:

  • Toyota Prius c (Compact car)
  • Toyota Prius (Mid-size car)
  • Toyota Prius v (Mid-size station wagon)
  • Toyota RAV4 Hybrid AWD (Small SUV)
  • Lexus RX 450h AWD (Standard SUV)

This marked the 18th year in a row that at least one vehicle from the Prius Family was named to the list.

P07 / Annual CO2 per Kilometer, Toyota Mexico Fleet

Lower CO2 per kilometer is better

ABOUT THIS CHART: In Mexico, the government has modeled vehicle GHG standards after U.S. requirements. The standards require automakers to meet a single sales-weighted fleet average over the period 2014 through 2016, and allow credits generated in 2012 and 2013 to be used toward compliance. These standards have been appropriately tailored to the unique driving conditions and product mix associated with the Mexican market and contain similar compliance flexibilities and lead time as those offered in the United States. Toyota continues to be in compliance with these standards.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Three of Toyota’s U.S. manufacturing plants are required to report GHG emissions data under U.S. EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program. Individual plant data for our plants in Kentucky, Texas and Indiana are available on EPA’s website through its online data publication tool.

In Canada, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada (TMMC) and Canadian Autoparts Toyota, Inc. (CAPTIN) are required to report GHG emissions data. TMMC’s Cambridge plant is required to report under Environment Canada’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting Program; both the Cambridge and Woodstock plants are required to report GHG emissions to the province of Ontario under its Environmental Protection Act. CAPTIN is required to report GHG emissions to the province of British Columbia under its Greenhouse Gas Reduction Act.

P08 / GHG Emissions from Toyota's North American Operations

*Scope: Manufacturing, R&D, owned logistics, offices

ABOUT THIS CHART: Scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions increased between fiscal years 2017 and 2018. Despite an overall decrease in production, Toyota assembled more trucks at our plants in Texas and Mexico, where GHG emission factors are higher than at plants where production decreased. We recently developed a GHG reduction plan for our sites that addresses GHG and energy efficiency as well as renewable energy use. Once the projects in this plan come online, we expect to see significant decreases in total emissions.

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P09 / GHG Emissions Per Vehicle Produced

ABOUT THIS CHART: This chart shows Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions from all North American sites, including manufacturing, logistics, sales and R&D. Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions per vehicle produced increased by 11 percent in fiscal year 2018 compared to the previous year due to an overall decrease in production coupled with assembling more trucks at our plants in Texas and Mexico, where GHG emission factors are highest.

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P10 / GHG Intensity from U.S. Parts and Vehicle logistics

Scope = GHG emissions intensity from owned and third-party service parts/accessories and vehicle transport activities (e.g., trucking and rail). Does not include manufacturing logistics (such as transport of raw materials to the manufacturing plants).

ABOUT THIS CHART: For fiscal year 2018, we report GHG intensity from owned and third-party U.S. service parts/accessories and vehicle logistics from all transport modes (trucking, marine, air and rail). We have restated data from previous years to account for a larger scope (previously, we only reported data from vehicle logistics). We will include manufacturing production control logistics in next year’s report.

These logistics operations have improved GHG intensity by nearly 14 percent compared to the baseline year (fiscal year 2016). We expect to see continued improvements as additional third-party carriers adopt GHG reduction plans.

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P11 / Environmental Compliance

Significant Environmental Violations
FY13 0
FY14 0
FY15 0
FY16 0
FY17 0
FY18 0
FY19 0

ABOUT THIS CHART: Many of our activities in vehicle development, manufacturing and logistics are subject to local, state, provincial and federal laws that regulate chemical management, air emissions, water discharges, storm water management, greenhouse gas emissions, and waste treatment and disposal. These regulations vary by facility based on the type of equipment operated and the functions performed.

Toyota reports environmental violations resulting in fines of $5,000 or more and in an impact to the environment (we do not report administrative violations). In fiscal year 2018, our North American manufacturing plants and logistics sites had zero significant environmental regulatory violations.


P12 / Toyota / Lexus LEED® Dealerships

Toyota Lexus
Platinum 5 0
Gold 21 4
Silver 16 3
Certified 14 4
Total 56 11

*As of July 2019, 59 Toyota and Lexus dealerships in the U.S, 7 in Canada and 1 in Mexico have earned LEED® certification.

ABOUT THIS CHART: Toyota and Lexus continue to lead the industry with more LEED®-certified dealership facilities in North America than any other auto manufacturer. As of July 2018, we have assisted 61 Toyota and Lexus dealerships with LEED certification. (Note, Beaverton Toyota in Oregon received two separate certifications for the sales building and service center; we counted this dealership only once).

Several more dealerships have completed construction and are waiting for their ratings to be decided. Many more are under construction or in the design and permitting phase and have registered their intent to pursue LEED.

LEED®, or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, is a point-based system administered by the U.S. and Canadian Green Building Councils promoting a whole-building approach to sustainable construction and remodeling. LEED certification is based on meeting stringent requirements in sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality.

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Environmental Management Systems

P13 / ISO 14001 Certifications of Toyota’s North American Facilities

Location Original Certification Date
Manufacturing Plants Huntsville, Alabama 2005
Long Beach, California 1998
Princeton, Indiana 1999
Georgetown, Kentucky 1998
Troy, Missouri 1998
Blue Springs, Mississippi 2012
Jackson, Tennessee 2007
San Antonio, Texas 2008
Buffalo, West Virginia 2000
Woodstock, Ontario 2009
Cambridge, Ontario 1998
Delta, British Columbia 1997
Baja California, Mexico 2006
Vehicle Distribution Centers Toronto, Ontario 2002
Montreal, Quebec 2003
Parts Distribution Center Toronto, Ontario 2001
Vancouver, British Columbia 2002
Sales and Regional Offices Canadian Sales Headquarters in Toronto, Ontario 2001
Pacific Regional Office and TFS 2002
Quebec Regional Office and TFS 2005
Prairie Regional Office and TFS 2008
Atlantic Regional Office and TFS 2006
*List of certified sites in North America as of July 2019.

ABOUT THIS CHART: Environmental management systems are an essential part of Toyota’s overall effort to minimize risks and achieve leading levels of environmental performance. Each Toyota location has an environmental management system (EMS) that identifies the significant environmental aspects and impacts of its operations and sets corresponding controls, goals and targets to manage and reduce these impacts over time.

The facilities listed in the chart have been third-party certified to ISO 14001, the International Organization for Standardization’s standard for designing and implementing an effective environmental management system.

Green Building

P14 / Toyota’s North American Facilities With LEED® Certifications

Production Engineering & Manufacturing Center Georgetown, Kentucky 2019 NC Platinum
Toyota Supplier Center York Township, Michigan 2019 NC Platinum
Toyota Motor North America Headquarters
(Office Towers, High Bay Evaluation Building, Vehicle Delivery Center)
Plano, Texas 2017 BD+C Platinum
Chicago Service Training Center Aurora, Illinois 2015 NC Gold
Lexus Eastern Area Office Parsippany, New Jersey 2014 CI Platinum
Toyota Kansas City Training Center Kansas City, Missouri 2012 NC Gold
Toyota Inland Empire Training Center Rancho Cucamonga, California 2010 CI Gold
Toyota Technical Center York Township, Michigan 2010 NC Gold
Toyota Racing Development North Carolina Salisbury, North Carolina 2010 NC Certified
Lexus Florida Training Center Miramar, Florida 2009 CI Gold
Toyota Phoenix Training Center Phoenix, Arizona 2009 CI Silver
North America Production Support Center Georgetown, Kentucky 2006 CI Silver
Toyota Motor North America, Inc. Washington, D.C. 2016 CI Silver
Portland Vehicle Distribution Center Portland, Oregon 2004 NC Gold
Toyota Motor Sales - South Campus Torrance, California 2003 NC Gold

BD+C = Building Design + Construction
NC = New Construction
CI = Commercial Interiors

ABOUT THIS CHART: Thirteen Toyota and Lexus facilities have achieved Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED®) certification. LEED® is a point-based system administered by the U.S. and Canadian Green Building Councils promoting a whole-building approach to sustainable construction and remodeling. LEED certification is based on meeting stringent requirements in sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality. Ranging from office space to vehicle distribution centers, these facilities represent Toyota's continued efforts to improve the design and efficiency of all operations.

The Municipality of Clarington in Ontario will be home to Toyota Canada’s new Eastern Canada Parts Distribution Centre. The new 350,000-square foot facility will be built on a 30-acre parcel of land in Bowmanville. When it opens its doors in 2019, the new location’s direct access to major transportation routes will allow Toyota Canada to better service Toyota and Lexus customers and dealerships across Eastern Canada (from Manitoba to Newfoundland). The site also provides plenty of space for future growth. The new facility is pursuing LEED certification.

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P15 / Total Waste (Pounds)

2015 2016 2017 2018
Regulated Waste*
Recycled/Reused Regulated Waste    13,494,000      4,570,000      4,879,000       4,499,000
Incineration, Waste to Energy, Fuels Blending    11,183,000      7,247,000    11,599,000     11,843,000
Landfill           48,000         692,000            33,000
Non-Regulated Waste
Composted      1,088,000         831,000       1,080,000          908,000
Recycled Scrap Steel from Mfg Plants  659,718,000  678,953,000  656,129,000  670,020,000
Other Recycled/Reused    79,267,000    87,805,000    79,940,000    79,800,000
Incineration, Waste to Energy, Fuels Blending    26,574,000    33,933,000    29,314,000    32,081,000
Landfill      7,602,000      8,081,000    16,995,000    13,363,000
TOTAL WASTE (Pounds) GENERATED 798,974,000 822,112,000 799,969,000 812,514,000

*Regulated waste includes hazardous, universal and special wastes regulated at the federal, state, provincial or local level. Non-regulated waste is all other waste.

Scope = Toyota's North American headquarters, manufacturing, R&D, sales and logistics sites in the U.S., Canada and Puerto Rico. Also includes data from manufacturing in Mexico. Data from non-manufacturing sites in Mexico will be included in future years.

ABOUT THIS CHART: Waste data is collected on a calendar year basis. In 2017, our North American manufacturing plants, logistics sites and offices sent only 2 percent of waste for disposal to landfills. (For certain waste streams, landfill disposal is required by law.) We recycled, reused or composted 93 percent and sent only 5 percent of waste to waste-to-energy or fuels blending facilities. Total waste in 2017 was 3 percent less than 2016, in part due to an overall decrease in production.

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P16 / FY 2019 Water (Gallons)

Total (All of TMNA)* Water-Stressed Areas**
Water Withdrawal 1,806,964,000 59,193,000
Water Discharge 1,136,206,000 34,513,000
Water Consumption    670,758,000 24,680,000

*Scope: Manufacturing, R&D, owned logistics, offices
**Water-stressed areas have been identified with WRI's AqueductTM Water Risk Atlas and include high risk sites (no sites are currently rated as very high risk).

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