Welcome to the Performance section of Toyota’s North American Environmental Report. Here we provide our ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION PLAN results as well as data related to our environmental performance in the following areas:
- Environmental Action Plan
- Air Quality
- Environmental Management Systems
- Green Building
2021 Environmental Action PlanView This Section
Criteria Pollutant Tailpipe Emissions
Hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon monoxide — all byproducts of fuel combustion — are linked to various air quality issues such as smog formation as well as various health effects. Limiting criteria pollutant tailpipe emissions from our vehicles helps to reduce some of the environmental impacts of driving.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the state of California have certification programs to categorize vehicles in terms of their level of tailpipe emissions (the Canadian program is aligned with the U.S. federal program). EPA's certification program is changing from Tier 2 and began phasing in Tier 3 in 2017.
While the EPA Tier 3 and California Low Emission Vehicle III (LEV III) regulations have different nomenclature for categorizing vehicle emissions, the bins include the same vehicle emission groupings. For the 2017 model year, EPA Tier 3 and California LEV III regulations required an auto manufacturer's fleet average to meet an emission standard for non-methane organic gas with nitrogen oxides (NMOG + NOx) of 0.086 g/mi for passenger cars and light-duty trucks up to 3,750 pounds, and 0.101 for other light-duty trucks. The standard decreases until 2025, when the NMOG + NOx average for both sets of vehicles will become 0.030 g/mi.
The EPA Tier 3 vehicle standards were intended to be harmonized with California's Low Emission Vehicle program and create a federal vehicle emissions program that allows automakers to sell the same vehicles in all 50 states. The vehicle standards are being implemented over the same timeframe as the greenhouse gas/fuel efficiency standards for light-duty vehicles (promulgated by EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in 2012) as part of a comprehensive approach toward regulating emissions from motor vehicles.
Environment and Climate Change Canada has issued Tier 3 regulations aligned with the final U.S. Tier 3 rule.
Toyota’s goal is to maintain flexibility to build vehicles based on customer preferences. In setting tailpipe emission regulations, we believe standards should be performance-based and consider the interaction with other vehicle rules — such as fuel economy/greenhouse gas standards — to ensure the total package of requirements is effective and acceptable to the consumer. Fuels must be considered with vehicle technologies as a holistic system. Reduced sulfur levels in gasoline, required by the federal Tier 3 and California LEV III programs, are enabling the after-treatment systems being designed for compliance.
Toyota annually complies with the state of California, U.S. and Canadian federal vehicle emissions programs, and we have met the requirements for each model year.
The American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) "Greenest Vehicles of 2018" list contains the Toyota Prius Eco.10 The list is notable in that it considers a variety of criteria when determining the greenest cars, including the car's emissions, emissions from the electric grid on which it charges, and energy necessary to build and dispose of the car.
10 The Prius Eco is an available trim level within the Prius model line. This trim option offers customers even better fuel efficiency thanks to lighter weight and further optimized aerodynamics.
Volatile Organic Compounds
P01 / VOC Emissions
Fiscal Year(FY) runs April to March
Scope: Toyota's North American Manufacturing Plants
ABOUT THIS CHART: The primary concern with non-greenhouse gas air emissions is smog. Smog is formed as particulate matter, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) react with sunlight. Smog has been linked to several health issues and is particularly prevalent in dense urban areas with heavy traffic, industrial activity and sunny, warm climates.
Painting operations generate most of Toyota’s VOC emissions. Toyota's North American manufacturing plants measure grams of VOCs emitted per square meter of vehicle surface area coated (g/m2). There was a slight increase in VOC emissions from fiscal year 2017 to 2018, due to some production shifting from better performing plants and truck deck painting at our assembly plant in Mexico, where truck production increased from the previous year. Since 2002, we have reduced total VOC emissions by 65 percent, from 35.0 to 12.2 g/m2.
P02 / Endangered, Threatened or Protected Species on or Near Toyota Sites
|Toyota Site||Endangered, Threatened, or Protected Species||Law/Regulation||Activities|
|All TMNA sites in North America||Monarch butterfly||The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service is legally bound to determine whether to protect monarchs under the Endangered Species Act. A decision will be made by December 2020.||See BIODIVERSITY/Biodiversity Targets|
|Manufacturing plant in Baja California, Tecate (Mexico)||
||Protected by Mexico’s Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) under NOM‐059‐SEMARNAT‐ 2010||These species are found on 143 acres of the site’s property that are protected as a wildlife preserve.|
|Manufacturing plants in Cambridge and Woodstock, Ontario (Canada)||Tree Swallow||Protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act||Installed 71 bird boxes at Toyota's assembly plants in Cambridge and Woodstock, Ontario.|
|Engine plant in Huntsville, Alabama||Alabama cave shrimp||Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act||Cave shrimp are found in an area of the site that is not disturbed by site operations or activities.|
|New joint venture with Mazda in Huntsville, Alabama||Spring pigmy sunfish||Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act||Mazda Toyota Manufacturing U.S. is engaging with various stakeholders to develop and execute on a conservation strategy that works to preserve the spring pygmy sunfish and its habitat|
|Assembly and unit plant in Georgetown, Kentucky||Short's Goldenrod, Running Buffalo Clover, Indiana Bat||Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act||Planted Short's Goldenrod along a one-mile nature trail onsite|
|Vehicle logistics site at the Port of Portland, Oregon||Coho Salmon||Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act||Salmon Safe certified; site maintains a bioswale and storm water pollution prevention program; team members participate in annual cleanup of the Willamette River|
ABOUT THIS CHART: As sites apply for certification with the Wildlife Habitat Council, they work with a WHC biologist to take an inventory of species on site. This inventory includes any species listed by federal law as endangered or threatened. In addition to the 12 sites with WHC-certified programs, we have begun to inventory other manufacturing and logistics sites. As we gather this information, it will be used to inform our biodiversity strategy and project selection.View This Section
P03 / Toyota Sites in or Near a Protected Area, Critical Habitat or Biodiversity Hotspot
|Site Name||Location||Type of Operation||Protected Area, Critical Habitat and/or Biodiversity Hotspot|
|TMMBC||Baja California, Tecate, Mexico||Manufacturing||Hotspot: California Floristic Province; Protected area: Wildlife Preserve|
|TMMC||Cambridge and Woodstock, Ontario, Canada||Manufacturing||Protected Area: Vansittart Woods wetlands|
|TABC||Long Beach, California||Manufacturing||Hotspot: California Floristic Province|
|Gardena Technical Center||Gardena, California||R&D||Hotspot: California Floristic Province|
|LA Parts Distribution Center||Los Angeles, California||Parts logistics||Hotspot: California Floristic Province|
|TLS Long Beach||Port of Long Beach, California||Vehicle logistics||Hotspot: California Floristic Province|
|San Ramon Regional Office and Parts Distribution Center||San Ramon, California||Parts logistics||Hotspot: California Floristic Province|
|North American Parts Center California||Ontario, California||Parts logistics||Hotspot: California Floristic Province|
|TLS Portland||Port of Portland, Oregon||Vehicle logistics||Critical Habitat for Soho Salmon|
|TAPG||Phoenix, Arizona||Proving ground||Critical Habitat for Yellow-billed Cuckoo|
ABOUT THIS CHART: TMNA has begun an analysis to determine whether sites are in a protected area, critical habitat or biodiversity hotspot (see below for definitions of these terms). We started with our largest facilities, those that have Conservation Certification from the Wildlife Habitat Council, and those undergoing major renovations. In the table above, we only include the sites located in these areas. We will be analyzing additional sites going forward and the information will be used to inform our biodiversity strategy and project selection.
A Protected Area is defined as a geographic area that is designated, regulated or managed to achieve specific conservation objectives. (GRI Standards Glossary 2016)
Critical Habitat is a term defined and used in the U.S. Endangered Species Act. It is a specific geographic area(s) that contains features essential for the conservation of a threatened or endangered species and that may require special management and protection. Critical habitat may include an area that is not currently occupied by the species but that will be needed for its recovery.
A Biodiversity Hotspot is defined as an area that meets two criteria:
- It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable.
- It must have 30 percent or less of its original natural vegetation. In other words, it must be threatened.
Around the world, 36 areas qualify as biodiversity hotspots. They represent just 2.3 percent of Earth’s land surface, but they support more than half of the world’s endemic plant species and nearly 43 percent of endemic bird, mammal, reptile and amphibian species.
Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) maintains a list of hotspots by region. CEPF is a joint initiative of l'Agence Française de Développement, Conservation International, the European Union, the Global Environment Facility, the Government of Japan, the MacArthur Foundation and the World Bank.View This Section
P04 / Wildlife Habitat Council Conservation Certifications
|Toyota Site Name||Year the Site's Program was Originally Certified||Certification level|
|Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Alabama||2014||Gold|
|Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky||2008||Gold|
|Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Mississippi||2014||Gold|
|Toyota Motor Manufacturing, West Virginia||2016||Gold|
|Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada, Woodstock||2012||Gold|
|Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Indiana||2013||Silver|
|Toyota Arizona Proving Grounds||2017||Silver|
|Toyota Technical Center, York Township, Michigan||2017||Silver|
|Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Texas||2015||Certified|
|Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada, Cambridge||2017||Certified|
|Bodine Aluminum, Jackson, Tennessee||2015||Certified|
|Bodine Aluminum,Troy, Missouri||2016||Certified|
* Toyota’s Cambridge and Woodstock plants were first certified as a single program in 2012. The programs have since separated, and Cambridge obtained its own certification in 2017.View This Section
Vehicle CO2 Emissions
Our efforts to improve fuel economy and reduce GHGs have become more aggressive with the adoption in the United States of new fuel economy and GHG emissions standards for passenger cars and light trucks through the 2025 model year. The new vehicle fleet was required to meet a GHG standard of 250 grams of CO2 per mile by 2016, equivalent to a Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standard of 35.5 miles per gallon (mpg); by 2025, cars and light trucks are required to yield a combined 54.5 mpg. While overall compliance is based on a fleet average, each vehicle has a fuel economy/GHG target based on its footprint.
One significant challenge to meeting these standards is having technology options available in vehicles that consumers are willing to purchase in sufficient quantities needed for compliance with the standards. Low fuel prices have added to this challenge. In 2012, when the standards were set through the 2025 model year, it was impossible to predict market outcomes so far into the future, since preferences are largely determined by factors such as fuel price and economic conditions, which are beyond an auto manufacturer’s control. As such, the regulations call for a feasibility evaluation of the 2022-2025 standards, which is now underway. Toyota is collaborating with the relevant government agencies to ensure the regulations are aligned with technology and market realities while achieving the program’s environmental goals.
The Canadian federal government introduced a GHG emissions regulation under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act for the 2011-2016 model years, and in October of 2014 issued final GHG regulations for the 2017-2025 model years.
In Mexico, the government has modeled vehicle GHG standards after U.S. requirements. The standards require automakers to meet a single sales-weighted fleet average over the period 2014 through 2016, and allow credits generated in 2012 and 2013 to be used toward compliance. These standards have been appropriately tailored to the unique driving conditions and product mix associated with the Mexican market and contain similar compliance flexibilities and lead time as those offered in the United States.
Many of our hybrid products are already capable of meeting their respective future targets for fuel economy and GHG standards in all three countries. But there is still a sense of urgency as states like California seek to accelerate the number of zero-emission vehicles on the road to meet its ZEV requirements.
Toyota achieved the required U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards and met the required vehicle GHG standards in the United States, Canada and Mexico. See Figures P6-8 below for Toyota fleet performance in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.
- View this section for more information about reducing vehicle CO2 emissions.
- View the feature on Toyota’s approach to electrification.
P05 / Toyota Fleet CO2 and GHG Data from Cafe and GHG Reports
ABOUT THIS CHART: The performance of the U.S. vehicle fleet is being shown in two ways. The darker blue line shows Toyota’s fleet-wide fuel economy (CAFE) presented in terms of grams of CO2 per mile. This measure of performance, shown in previous Toyota North American Environmental Reports, only reflects GHG emissions reductions measured at the tailpipe during the official government test procedure.
The shorter, lighter blue line depicts a broader view of GHG performance that entails provisions in the U.S. EPA GHG program (starting with the 2012 model year). The annual GHG compliance values account for real-world GHG benefits from off-cycle technologies, such as air conditioning and aerodynamic improvements not observed over the official testing conditions.
Showing both values provides a transparent way of looking at Toyota’s historical fleet performance as we continue to pursue both GHG reductions and fuel economy improvements under both the GHG and CAFE programs.
- Follow this link for more information about the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program.
- Follow this link for more information about the U.S. EPA GHG program.
P06 / Annual CO2 per Mile*, Toyota Canada Fleet
*Based on CO2 emissions data reported to Environment and Climate Change Canada
ABOUT THIS CHART: The Canadian federal government introduced a GHG emissions regulation under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act for the 2011‐2016 model years, and in October of 2014 issued final GHG emissions regulations for the 2017‐2025 model years. Toyota met the regulatory obligations regarding vehicle CO2 emissions in Canada for the 2017 model year.
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) named five Toyota/Lexus vehicles as best-in-class for fuel efficiency for the 2018 model year. Best-in-class vehicles have the lowest combined fuel consumption rating, based on 55 percent city and 45 percent highway driving. For each class, the most fuel-efficient conventional vehicle and the most efficient advanced technology vehicle (where applicable) are recognized. Five Toyota and Lexus vehicles were awarded by NRCan for the lowest estimated annual fuel use in their respective classes:
- Toyota Prius c (Compact car)
- Toyota Prius (Mid-size car)
- Toyota Prius v (Mid-size station wagon)
- Toyota RAV4 Hybrid AWD (Small SUV)
- Lexus RX 450h AWD (Standard SUV)
This marked the 18th year in a row that at least one vehicle from the Prius Family was named to the list.
P07 / Annual CO2 per Kilometer, Toyota Mexico Fleet
ABOUT THIS CHART: In Mexico, the government has modeled vehicle GHG standards after U.S. requirements. The standards require automakers to meet a single sales-weighted fleet average over the period 2014 through 2016, and allow credits generated in 2012 and 2013 to be used toward compliance. These standards have been appropriately tailored to the unique driving conditions and product mix associated with the Mexican market and contain similar compliance flexibilities and lead time as those offered in the United States. Toyota continues to be in compliance with these standards.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Three of Toyota’s U.S. manufacturing plants are required to report GHG emissions data under U.S. EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program. Individual plant data for our plants in Kentucky, Texas and Indiana are available on EPA’s website through its online data publication tool.
In Canada, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada (TMMC) and Canadian Autoparts Toyota, Inc. (CAPTIN) are required to report GHG emissions data. TMMC’s Cambridge plant is required to report under Environment Canada’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting Program; both the Cambridge and Woodstock plants are required to report GHG emissions to the province of Ontario under its Environmental Protection Act. CAPTIN is required to report GHG emissions to the province of British Columbia under its Greenhouse Gas Reduction Act.
P08 / GHG Emissions from Toyota's North American Operations
*Scope: Manufacturing, R&D, owned logistics, offices
ABOUT THIS CHART: Scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions increased between fiscal years 2017 and 2018. Despite an overall decrease in production, Toyota assembled more trucks at our plants in Texas and Mexico, where GHG emission factors are higher than at plants where production decreased. We recently developed a GHG reduction plan for our sites that addresses GHG and energy efficiency as well as renewable energy use. Once the projects in this plan come online, we expect to see significant decreases in total emissions.View This Section
P09 / GHG Emissions Per Vehicle Produced
ABOUT THIS CHART: This chart shows Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions from all North American sites, including manufacturing, logistics, sales and R&D. Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions per vehicle produced increased by 11 percent in fiscal year 2018 compared to the previous year due to an overall decrease in production coupled with assembling more trucks at our plants in Texas and Mexico, where GHG emission factors are highest.View This Section
P10 / GHG Intensity from U.S. Parts and Vehicle logistics
Scope = GHG emissions intensity from owned and third-party service parts/accessories and vehicle transport activities (e.g., trucking and rail). Does not include manufacturing logistics (such as transport of raw materials to the manufacturing plants).
ABOUT THIS CHART: For fiscal year 2018, we report GHG intensity from owned and third-party U.S. service parts/accessories and vehicle logistics from all transport modes (trucking, marine, air and rail). We have restated data from previous years to account for a larger scope (previously, we only reported data from vehicle logistics). We will include manufacturing production control logistics in next year’s report.
These logistics operations have improved GHG intensity by nearly 14 percent compared to the baseline year (fiscal year 2016). We expect to see continued improvements as additional third-party carriers adopt GHG reduction plans.View This Section
P11 / Environmental Compliance
|Significant Environmental Violations|
ABOUT THIS CHART: Many of our activities in vehicle development, manufacturing and logistics are subject to local, state, provincial and federal laws that regulate chemical management, air emissions, water discharges, storm water management, greenhouse gas emissions, and waste treatment and disposal. These regulations vary by facility based on the type of equipment operated and the functions performed.
Toyota reports environmental violations resulting in fines of $5,000 or more and in an impact to the environment (we do not report administrative violations). In fiscal year 2018, our North American manufacturing plants and logistics sites had zero significant environmental regulatory violations.
P12 / Toyota / Lexus LEED® Dealerships
*As of July 2019, 59 Toyota and Lexus dealerships in the U.S, 7 in Canada and 1 in Mexico have earned LEED® certification.
ABOUT THIS CHART: Toyota and Lexus continue to lead the industry with more LEED®-certified dealership facilities in North America than any other auto manufacturer. As of July 2018, we have assisted 61 Toyota and Lexus dealerships with LEED certification. (Note, Beaverton Toyota in Oregon received two separate certifications for the sales building and service center; we counted this dealership only once).
Several more dealerships have completed construction and are waiting for their ratings to be decided. Many more are under construction or in the design and permitting phase and have registered their intent to pursue LEED.
LEED®, or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, is a point-based system administered by the U.S. and Canadian Green Building Councils promoting a whole-building approach to sustainable construction and remodeling. LEED certification is based on meeting stringent requirements in sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality.View This Section
Environmental Management Systems
P13 / ISO 14001 Certifications of Toyota’s North American Facilities
|Location||Original Certification Date|
|Manufacturing Plants||Huntsville, Alabama||2005|
|Long Beach, California||1998|
|Blue Springs, Mississippi||2012|
|San Antonio, Texas||2008|
|Buffalo, West Virginia||2000|
|Delta, British Columbia||1997|
|Baja California, Mexico||2006|
|Vehicle Distribution Centers||Toronto, Ontario||2002|
|Parts Distribution Center||Toronto, Ontario||2001|
|Vancouver, British Columbia||2002|
|Sales and Regional Offices||Canadian Sales Headquarters in Toronto, Ontario||2001|
|Pacific Regional Office and TFS||2002|
|Quebec Regional Office and TFS||2005|
|Prairie Regional Office and TFS||2008|
|Atlantic Regional Office and TFS||2006|
ABOUT THIS CHART: Environmental management systems are an essential part of Toyota’s overall effort to minimize risks and achieve leading levels of environmental performance. Each Toyota location has an environmental management system (EMS) that identifies the significant environmental aspects and impacts of its operations and sets corresponding controls, goals and targets to manage and reduce these impacts over time.
The facilities listed in the chart have been third-party certified to ISO 14001, the International Organization for Standardization’s standard for designing and implementing an effective environmental management system.
P14 / Toyota’s North American Facilities With LEED® Certifications
|TOYOTA FACILITY||LOCATION||YEAR||CERTIFICATION LEVEL|
|Production Engineering & Manufacturing Center||Georgetown, Kentucky||2019||NC Platinum|
|Toyota Supplier Center||York Township, Michigan||2019||NC Platinum|
|Toyota Motor North America Headquarters
(Office Towers, High Bay Evaluation Building, Vehicle Delivery Center)
|Plano, Texas||2017||BD+C Platinum|
|Chicago Service Training Center||Aurora, Illinois||2015||NC Gold|
|Lexus Eastern Area Office||Parsippany, New Jersey||2014||CI Platinum|
|Toyota Kansas City Training Center||Kansas City, Missouri||2012||NC Gold|
|Toyota Inland Empire Training Center||Rancho Cucamonga, California||2010||CI Gold|
|Toyota Technical Center||York Township, Michigan||2010||NC Gold|
|Toyota Racing Development North Carolina||Salisbury, North Carolina||2010||NC Certified|
|Lexus Florida Training Center||Miramar, Florida||2009||CI Gold|
|Toyota Phoenix Training Center||Phoenix, Arizona||2009||CI Silver|
|North America Production Support Center||Georgetown, Kentucky||2006||CI Silver|
|Toyota Motor North America, Inc.||Washington, D.C.||2016||CI Silver|
|Portland Vehicle Distribution Center||Portland, Oregon||2004||NC Gold|
|Toyota Motor Sales - South Campus||Torrance, California||2003||NC Gold|
BD+C = Building Design + Construction
NC = New Construction
CI = Commercial Interiors
ABOUT THIS CHART: Thirteen Toyota and Lexus facilities have achieved Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED®) certification. LEED® is a point-based system administered by the U.S. and Canadian Green Building Councils promoting a whole-building approach to sustainable construction and remodeling. LEED certification is based on meeting stringent requirements in sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality. Ranging from office space to vehicle distribution centers, these facilities represent Toyota's continued efforts to improve the design and efficiency of all operations.
The Municipality of Clarington in Ontario will be home to Toyota Canada’s new Eastern Canada Parts Distribution Centre. The new 350,000-square foot facility will be built on a 30-acre parcel of land in Bowmanville. When it opens its doors in 2019, the new location’s direct access to major transportation routes will allow Toyota Canada to better service Toyota and Lexus customers and dealerships across Eastern Canada (from Manitoba to Newfoundland). The site also provides plenty of space for future growth. The new facility is pursuing LEED certification.View This Section
P15 / Total Waste (Pounds)
|Recycled/Reused Regulated Waste||13,494,000||4,570,000||4,879,000||4,499,000|
|Incineration, Waste to Energy, Fuels Blending||11,183,000||7,247,000||11,599,000||11,843,000|
|Recycled Scrap Steel from Mfg Plants||659,718,000||678,953,000||656,129,000||670,020,000|
|Incineration, Waste to Energy, Fuels Blending||26,574,000||33,933,000||29,314,000||32,081,000|
|TOTAL WASTE (Pounds) GENERATED||798,974,000||822,112,000||799,969,000||812,514,000|
*Regulated waste includes hazardous, universal and special wastes regulated at the federal, state, provincial or local level. Non-regulated waste is all other waste.
Scope = Toyota's North American headquarters, manufacturing, R&D, sales and logistics sites in the U.S., Canada and Puerto Rico. Also includes data from manufacturing in Mexico. Data from non-manufacturing sites in Mexico will be included in future years.
ABOUT THIS CHART: Waste data is collected on a calendar year basis. In 2017, our North American manufacturing plants, logistics sites and offices sent only 2 percent of waste for disposal to landfills. (For certain waste streams, landfill disposal is required by law.) We recycled, reused or composted 93 percent and sent only 5 percent of waste to waste-to-energy or fuels blending facilities. Total waste in 2017 was 3 percent less than 2016, in part due to an overall decrease in production.View This Section
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P16 / FY 2019 Water (Gallons)
|Total (All of TMNA)*||Water-Stressed Areas**|
*Scope: Manufacturing, R&D, owned logistics, offices **Water-stressed areas have been identified with WRI's AqueductTM Water Risk Atlas and include high risk sites (no sites are currently rated as very high risk).